Spine | Orthopedics This Week


The left most image is the outside of the model, with the cover and false skin. The upper right image is the internal mechanism for the pathology model and the intraoperative bleeding and cerebrospinal fluid leak simulation. The lower right image is the patient data that the pathology model was created from and relevant intraoperative data. / Source: Roger Härtl, M.D.

How Effective Are ‘Hi-Fi’ Simulators for Improving Surgery Skills?

Elizabeth Hofheinz, M.P.H., M.Ed.